Demonstrative pronouns in Arabic

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In Arabic, like in German, there are two demonstrative pronouns – one to talk about things that are close in time and place. So German and Arabic are both languages with two degrees of distance. With the part of speech of the demonstrative or indicative pronoun can be referred to a conversational object, meaning a specific thing or person. Demonstrative pronouns can also be used to refer to a sentence. A pointing pronoun is spoken of because it is a pronoun that points to something. We provide you with demonstrative pronouns in Arabic.

The demonstrative pronoun in the singular

  • This (+is a) … (f.) هذه\ (m.) هذا
  • That one (+ is a) … (f.) ذلك (m.) \ تلك

  • This or that … هذا \ هذه + ال
  • This or that is the … … هذا \ هذه + هو\هي\هما\هم\هنّ + ال

Demonstrative pronouns in the genetive compound

The demonstrative pronoun is often at the beginning of the sentence or part of the sentence, but not always. For example, in the genitive compound (Arabic: إضافة) the demonstrative pronoun is placed after the keyword.


The girlfriend of THIS student صديقة هذه الطالبة

THIS student friend صديقة الطالبة هذه

Plural demonstrative pronouns

For people as well as angels and jinn in the plural, the demonstrative pronoun is هؤلاء and for the plural of the objects, i.e. the plural of the objects or animals, it is هذه


هذه فنانة مشهورة -> هؤلاء فنانات مشهورات

هذا ولد صغير -> هؤلاء أولاد صغار

هذه السيارة قديمة -> هذه السيارات هي قديمة

هذا كتاب كبير -> هذه كتب كبيرة

Dual demonstrative pronouns

in the nominativeim the genitive und accusative


Demonstrative pronouns in Arabic are like adjectives or similar. They address the gender and numbers of the sentence they refer to, and in the dual even to the case. In addition, this kind of pronoun also has a highlighting effect.

Those were the demonstrative pronouns in Arabic. If you liked the article, then feel free to read the article about prepositional sentences here.

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