Prepositions and prepositional clauses in Arabic

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A preposition puts words, usually and/or objects in a relationship and indicates a certain relationship. They are short words related to a noun or pronoun. We deliver prepositions and prepositional clauses in Arabic!

Related Topic

Before you learn the Arabic nouns for the most important prepositions, learn how to build prepositional sentences in Arabic and how to determine the case of the parts of the sentence, you can also have a look at the chapter on sentence structure in Arabic.


There are different categories of prepositions: local, causal, concessive and others. In the following, a few western ones are listed for the listed categories.

Place prepositions

Place prepositions or local prepositions are prepositions that indicate the spatial relationship of words.

at عند, في
in front ofأمام
next toجنب, بجانب
in في
outside ofخارجح
around حول
nearقريب من, بالقرب
to (this place e.g.), towardsإلى (هذا المكان في سبيل المثال)

Example: He is staying in front of me. هو واقف أمامي

Temporal prepositions

The temporal prepositons reflect the temporal relationship of words.

on (this day e. g.)في (هذا اليوم في سبيل المثال)
to (this day e.g.)إلى (هذا اليوم في سبيل المثال)
from ابتداءاً من
beyondعلى هذا الجانب
from … to ……من … إلى

Example: Before leaving the house, he had breakfast. قبل أن خرجَ من البيت فَطَرَ

Causal prepositions

With this category of prepositions things can be related according to reason, purpose and cause.

because ofبسبب

Example: He is happy because of this success. هو سعيد بسببِ نجاحِهِ

Concessive prepositions

Contrary to causal prepositions, concessive pronouns introduce the opposite reason of a concessive clause. This indicates a counter reason, a restriction or a grant.

despite, althoughعلى الرغم

Example sentence: Although she likes him, she doesn’t want to marry him. على الرغ من أنه تحبه لا تتجوزه

Prepositional Sentences

Prepositional clauses must always have a definite subject and predicate. There are three ways of formulating this:

1. Variant: with a preposition

2. Varaint: with هناك

3. Variant: with يوجد \ توجد


  1. تحت الطاولةِ قلمٌ
  2. هناك قلمٌ تحت الطاولة
  3. يوجد قلم تحت الطاولة

Those were the prepositions and prepositional clauses in Arabic. If you liked the article then you are welcome to read the article about the so-called nisba form in Arabic here.

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